Self-esteem is the foundation of one’s sense of worth and capability. Negative life experiences, criticism, and comparisons can erode it. In children, family environment and peer interactions play a pivotal role. In adults, past failures and societal pressures can impact self-esteem. Building confidence involves recognizing and challenging negative self-perceptions, practicing self-compassion, setting achievable goals, and celebrating accomplishments. Encouraging positive self-talk and cultivating strengths can help. In children, praise efforts rather than outcomes, and provide a supportive environment. In adults , seeking therapy, practicing mindfulness, and engaging in activities that bring joy can foster lasting self-esteem and a sense of empowerment.